When it comes to structure and fire, the issue is not the likelihood of it happening but rather when. While no building material is fire-proof, well-constructed facilities and homes could help avoid tragedies like this by using fire-resistant materials. Fire-resistant materials simply take longer before they are damaged due to fire.
The aim is to create structures that will ensure that fire doesn’t spread rapidly, giving people plenty of time to evacuate and emergency services ample time to reach them. This is why the material selection is based on how long it takes for the effects of fire to affect their structural capability.
Is it possible to build a fire-resistant home?
Fire damage can be a severe cause of concern for people who have made considerable home improvements. However, there are methods to be more prepared in the event of an emergency fire. To understand the importance of these materials, look at the most basic five fire-proof materials used in construction houses as listed below.
1. Fire-Resistant Glass
Windows are vulnerable parts of your home as they permit fire to enter. Even without a fire, intense temperatures can cause the glass to break or cause combustibles to ignite inside your home. Because of this, windows with double glazing that has one layer of tempered glass outside are superior to single glazing.
Double glazing can take two times longer to break in a fire, with the exterior layer breaking first. Glass that is tempered is four times more durable. Think about wire or fire safety glass, which can be held together no matter how heated. Smaller window panes function better than larger ones.
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Stucco is a centuries-old plaster made for decorative and structural reasons. Contemporary Stucco is a non-flammable coating comprising Portland cement, sand, and lime. It can be used to cover brick or wood. It is typically applied in three or two coats over the mesh. One inch of Stucco may quickly provide an interior or exterior wall with a 1-hour fire rating. Roof eaves and overhangs can be shielded from fire by encasing fire-resistant material such as Stucco.
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Concrete is incredibly heat resistant and is utilized in many constructions. It is one of the most usually used construction materials. Concrete’s structure is not damaged by fire very rapidly. This makes it easier for firefighters to fight a fire if it breaks out. Concrete’s limited heat conductivity is a perfect fit on this checklist.
It is perhaps the most significant heat-resistant substance. It is beneficial when constructing foundations. Concrete is employed to safeguard steel from fire in various constructions, proving its value to construction companies around the world.
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Drywall, also known as “gypsum,” is another commonly used construction material. Fabricated from chemically treated wood, it is a low-cost and high-quality construction material that’s easy to set up and looks great in a house. With plaster, gypsum is an excellent construction substance that could be used with confidence in various modern residential structures. As opposed to brick or concrete, it’s less fire-resistant but is still worthwhile if you are ever planning to build your own home.
Bricks are manufactured in such a manner that they’re fire-resistant by nature. One brick is less prone to fire than an entire brick wall. This is because mortar connects the wall. Nonetheless, it remains one of the most effective and frequently used fire-proof building materials. A brick wall may have a fire-resistance rating of up to four hours according to the structure and thickness of the wall.